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搭建Hadoop2.6.0+Eclipse开发调试环境

上一篇在Win7虚拟机下搭建了2.6.0伪分布式环境(见 )。为了开发调试方便,本文介绍在Eclipse下搭建开发环境,连接和提交任务到Hadoop集群。v48linux系统宝典

1. 环境

Eclipse版本Luna 4.4.1v48linux系统宝典

v48linux系统宝典

安装插件hadoop-eclipse-plugin-2.6.0.jar,下载后放到eclipse/plugins目录即可。v48linux系统宝典

2. 配置插件

2.1 配置hadoop主目录

解压缩hadoop-2.6.0.tar.gz到C:/Downloads/hadoop-2.6.0,在eclipse的Windows->Preferences的Hadoop Map/Reduce中设置安装目录。v48linux系统宝典

v48linux系统宝典

2.2 配置插件

打开Windows->Open Perspective中的Map/Reduce,在此perspective下进行hadoop程序开发。v48linux系统宝典

    v48linux系统宝典

打开Windows->Show View中的Map/Reduce Locations,如下图右键选择New Hadoop location…新建hadoop连接。v48linux系统宝典

v48linux系统宝典

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确认完成以后如下,eclipse会连接hadoop集群。v48linux系统宝典

v48linux系统宝典

如果连接成功,在project explorer的DFS Locations下会展现hdfs集群中的文件。v48linux系统宝典

v48linux系统宝典

 v48linux系统宝典

3. 开发hadoop程序

3.1 程序开发

开发一个Sort示例,对输入整数进行排序。输入文件格式是每行一个整数。v48linux系统宝典

 
 1 package com.ccb; 2  3 /** 4  * Created by hp on 2015-7-20. 5  */ 6  7 import java.io.IOException; 8  9 import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;10 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;11 import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;12 import org.apache.hadoop.io.IntWritable;13 import org.apache.hadoop.io.Text;14 import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job;15 import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Mapper;16 import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Reducer;17 import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.input.FileInputFormat;18 import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.output.FileOutputFormat;19 20 public class Sort {21 22     // 每行记录是一个整数。将Text文本转换为IntWritable类型,作为map的key23     public static class Map extends Mapper<Object, Text, IntWritable, IntWritable> {24         private static IntWritable data = new IntWritable();25 26         // 实现map函数27         public void map(Object key, Text value, Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException {28             String line = value.toString();29             data.set(Integer.parseInt(line));30             context.write(data, new IntWritable(1));31         }32     }33 34     // reduce之前hadoop框架会进行shuffle和排序,因此直接输出key即可。35     public static class Reduce extends Reducer<IntWritable, IntWritable, IntWritable, Text> {36 37         //实现reduce函数38         public void reduce(IntWritable key, Iterable<IntWritable> values, Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException {39             for (IntWritable v : values) {40                 context.write(key, new Text(""));41             }42         }43     }44 45     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {46         Configuration conf = new Configuration();47 48         // 指定JobTracker地址49         conf.set("mapred.job.tracker", "192.168.62.129:9001");50         if (args.length != 2) {51             System.err.println("Usage: Data Sort <in> <out>");52             System.exit(2);53         }54         System.out.println(args[0]);55         System.out.println(args[1]);56 57         Job job = Job.getInstance(conf, "Data Sort");58         job.setJarByClass(Sort.class);59 60         //设置Map和Reduce处理类61         job.setMapperClass(Map.class);62         job.setReducerClass(Reduce.class);63 64         //设置输出类型65         job.setOutputKeyClass(IntWritable.class);66         job.setOutputValueClass(IntWritable.class);67 68         //设置输入和输出目录69         FileInputFormat.addInputPath(job, new Path(args[0]));70         FileOutputFormat.setOutputPath(job, new Path(args[1]));71         System.exit(job.waitForCompletion(true) ? 0 : 1);72     }73 }

3.2 配置文件

把log4j.properties和hadoop集群中的core-site.xml加入到classpath中。我的示例工程是maven组织,因此放到src/main/resources目录。v48linux系统宝典

v48linux系统宝典

程序执行时会从core-site.xml中获取hdfs地址。v48linux系统宝典

3.3 程序执行

右键选择Run As -> Run Configurations…,在参数中填好输入输出目录,执行Run即可。v48linux系统宝典

v48linux系统宝典

 执行日志:v48linux系统宝典

  1 hdfs://192.168.62.129:9000/user/vm/sort_in  2 hdfs://192.168.62.129:9000/user/vm/sort_out  3 15/07/27 16:21:36 INFO Configuration.deprecation: session.id is deprecated. Instead, use dfs.metrics.session-id  4 15/07/27 16:21:36 INFO jvm.JvmMetrics: Initializing JVM Metrics with processName=JobTracker, sessionId=  5 15/07/27 16:21:36 WARN mapreduce.JobSubmitter: Hadoop command-line option parsing not performed. Implement the Tool interface and execute your application with ToolRunner to remedy this.  6 15/07/27 16:21:36 WARN mapreduce.JobSubmitter: No job jar file set.  User classes may not be found. See Job or Job#setJar(String).  7 15/07/27 16:21:36 INFO input.FileInputFormat: Total input paths to process : 3  8 15/07/27 16:21:36 INFO mapreduce.JobSubmitter: number of splits:3  9 15/07/27 16:21:36 INFO Configuration.deprecation: mapred.job.tracker is deprecated. Instead, use mapreduce.jobtracker.address 10 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapreduce.JobSubmitter: Submitting tokens for job: job_local1592166400_0001 11 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapreduce.Job: The url to track the job: http://localhost:8080/ 12 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapreduce.Job: Running job: job_local1592166400_0001 13 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: OutputCommitter set in config null 14 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: OutputCommitter is org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.output.FileOutputCommitter 15 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Waiting for map tasks 16 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Starting task: attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000000_0 17 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO util.ProcfsBasedProcessTree: ProcfsBasedProcessTree currently is supported only on Linux. 18 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.Task:  Using ResourceCalculatorProcessTree : org.apache.hadoop.yarn.util.WindowsBasedProcessTree@4c90dbc4 19 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.MapTask: Processing split: hdfs://192.168.62.129:9000/user/vm/sort_in/file1:0+25 20 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.MapTask: (EQUATOR) 0 kvi 26214396(104857584) 21 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.MapTask: mapreduce.task.io.sort.mb: 100 22 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.MapTask: soft limit at 83886080 23 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.MapTask: bufstart = 0; bufvoid = 104857600 24 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.MapTask: kvstart = 26214396; length = 6553600 25 15/07/27 16:21:37 INFO mapred.MapTask: Map output collector class = org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask$MapOutputBuffer 26 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner:  27 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: Starting flush of map output 28 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: Spilling map output 29 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: bufstart = 0; bufend = 56; bufvoid = 104857600 30 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: kvstart = 26214396(104857584); kvend = 26214372(104857488); length = 25/6553600 31 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: Finished spill 0 32 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.Task: Task:attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000000_0 is done. And is in the process of committing 33 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: map 34 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.Task: Task 'attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000000_0' done. 35 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Finishing task: attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000000_0 36 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Starting task: attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000001_0 37 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO util.ProcfsBasedProcessTree: ProcfsBasedProcessTree currently is supported only on Linux. 38 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.Task:  Using ResourceCalculatorProcessTree : org.apache.hadoop.yarn.util.WindowsBasedProcessTree@69e4d7d 39 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: Processing split: hdfs://192.168.62.129:9000/user/vm/sort_in/file2:0+15 40 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: (EQUATOR) 0 kvi 26214396(104857584) 41 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: mapreduce.task.io.sort.mb: 100 42 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: soft limit at 83886080 43 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: bufstart = 0; bufvoid = 104857600 44 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: kvstart = 26214396; length = 6553600 45 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: Map output collector class = org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask$MapOutputBuffer 46 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner:  47 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: Starting flush of map output 48 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: Spilling map output 49 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: bufstart = 0; bufend = 32; bufvoid = 104857600 50 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: kvstart = 26214396(104857584); kvend = 26214384(104857536); length = 13/6553600 51 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: Finished spill 0 52 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.Task: Task:attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000001_0 is done. And is in the process of committing 53 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: map 54 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.Task: Task 'attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000001_0' done. 55 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Finishing task: attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000001_0 56 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Starting task: attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000002_0 57 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapreduce.Job: Job job_local1592166400_0001 running in uber mode : false 58 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO util.ProcfsBasedProcessTree: ProcfsBasedProcessTree currently is supported only on Linux. 59 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapreduce.Job:  map 100% reduce 0% 60 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.Task:  Using ResourceCalculatorProcessTree : org.apache.hadoop.yarn.util.WindowsBasedProcessTree@4e931efa 61 15/07/27 16:21:38 INFO mapred.MapTask: Processing split: hdfs://192.168.62.129:9000/user/vm/sort_in/file3:0+8 62 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: (EQUATOR) 0 kvi 26214396(104857584) 63 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: mapreduce.task.io.sort.mb: 100 64 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: soft limit at 83886080 65 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: bufstart = 0; bufvoid = 104857600 66 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: kvstart = 26214396; length = 6553600 67 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: Map output collector class = org.apache.hadoop.mapred.MapTask$MapOutputBuffer 68 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner:  69 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: Starting flush of map output 70 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: Spilling map output 71 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: bufstart = 0; bufend = 24; bufvoid = 104857600 72 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: kvstart = 26214396(104857584); kvend = 26214388(104857552); length = 9/6553600 73 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.MapTask: Finished spill 0 74 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.Task: Task:attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000002_0 is done. And is in the process of committing 75 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: map 76 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.Task: Task 'attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000002_0' done. 77 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Finishing task: attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000002_0 78 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: map task executor complete. 79 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Waiting for reduce tasks 80 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Starting task: attempt_local1592166400_0001_r_000000_0 81 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO util.ProcfsBasedProcessTree: ProcfsBasedProcessTree currently is supported only on Linux. 82 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.Task:  Using ResourceCalculatorProcessTree : org.apache.hadoop.yarn.util.WindowsBasedProcessTree@49250068 83 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO mapred.ReduceTask: Using ShuffleConsumerPlugin: org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.task.reduce.Shuffle@2129404b 84 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO reduce.MergeManagerImpl: MergerManager: memoryLimit=652528832, maxSingleShuffleLimit=163132208, mergeThreshold=430669056, ioSortFactor=10, memToMemMergeOutputsThreshold=10 85 15/07/27 16:21:39 INFO reduce.EventFetcher: attempt_local1592166400_0001_r_000000_0 Thread started: EventFetcher for fetching Map Completion Events 86 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.LocalFetcher: localfetcher#1 about to shuffle output of map attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000002_0 decomp: 32 len: 36 to MEMORY 87 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.InMemoryMapOutput: Read 32 bytes from map-output for attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000002_0 88 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.MergeManagerImpl: closeInMemoryFile -> map-output of size: 32, inMemoryMapOutputs.size() -> 1, commitMemory -> 0, usedMemory ->32 89 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.LocalFetcher: localfetcher#1 about to shuffle output of map attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000000_0 decomp: 72 len: 76 to MEMORY 90 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.InMemoryMapOutput: Read 72 bytes from map-output for attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000000_0 91 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.MergeManagerImpl: closeInMemoryFile -> map-output of size: 72, inMemoryMapOutputs.size() -> 2, commitMemory -> 32, usedMemory ->104 92 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.LocalFetcher: localfetcher#1 about to shuffle output of map attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000001_0 decomp: 42 len: 46 to MEMORY 93 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.InMemoryMapOutput: Read 42 bytes from map-output for attempt_local1592166400_0001_m_000001_0 94 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.MergeManagerImpl: closeInMemoryFile -> map-output of size: 42, inMemoryMapOutputs.size() -> 3, commitMemory -> 104, usedMemory ->146 95 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.EventFetcher: EventFetcher is interrupted.. Returning 96 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: 3 / 3 copied. 97 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.MergeManagerImpl: finalMerge called with 3 in-memory map-outputs and 0 on-disk map-outputs 98 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.Merger: Merging 3 sorted segments 99 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.Merger: Down to the last merge-pass, with 3 segments left of total size: 128 bytes100 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.MergeManagerImpl: Merged 3 segments, 146 bytes to disk to satisfy reduce memory limit101 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.MergeManagerImpl: Merging 1 files, 146 bytes from disk102 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO reduce.MergeManagerImpl: Merging 0 segments, 0 bytes from memory into reduce103 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.Merger: Merging 1 sorted segments104 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.Merger: Down to the last merge-pass, with 1 segments left of total size: 136 bytes105 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: 3 / 3 copied.106 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO Configuration.deprecation: mapred.skip.on is deprecated. Instead, use mapreduce.job.skiprecords107 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.Task: Task:attempt_local1592166400_0001_r_000000_0 is done. And is in the process of committing108 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: 3 / 3 copied.109 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.Task: Task attempt_local1592166400_0001_r_000000_0 is allowed to commit now110 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO output.FileOutputCommitter: Saved output of task 'attempt_local1592166400_0001_r_000000_0' to hdfs://192.168.62.129:9000/user/vm/sort_out/_temporary/0/task_local1592166400_0001_r_000000111 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: reduce > reduce112 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.Task: Task 'attempt_local1592166400_0001_r_000000_0' done.113 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: Finishing task: attempt_local1592166400_0001_r_000000_0114 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapred.LocalJobRunner: reduce task executor complete.115 15/07/27 16:21:40 INFO mapreduce.Job:  map 100% reduce 100%116 15/07/27 16:21:41 INFO mapreduce.Job: Job job_local1592166400_0001 completed successfully117 15/07/27 16:21:41 INFO mapreduce.Job: Counters: 38118     File System Counters119         FILE: Number of bytes read=3834120         FILE: Number of bytes written=1017600121         FILE: Number of read operations=0122         FILE: Number of large read operations=0123         FILE: Number of write operations=0124         HDFS: Number of bytes read=161125         HDFS: Number of bytes written=62126         HDFS: Number of read operations=41127         HDFS: Number of large read operations=0128         HDFS: Number of write operations=10129     Map-Reduce Framework130         Map input records=14131         Map output records=14132         Map output bytes=112133         Map output materialized bytes=158134         Input split bytes=339135         Combine input records=0136         Combine output records=0137         Reduce input groups=13138         Reduce shuffle bytes=158139         Reduce input records=14140         Reduce output records=14141         Spilled Records=28142         Shuffled Maps =3143         Failed Shuffles=0144         Merged Map outputs=3145         GC time elapsed (ms)=10146         CPU time spent (ms)=0147         Physical memory (bytes) snapshot=0148         Virtual memory (bytes) snapshot=0149         Total committed heap usage (bytes)=1420296192150     Shuffle Errors151         BAD_ID=0152         CONNECTION=0153         IO_ERROR=0154         WRONG_LENGTH=0155         WRONG_MAP=0156         WRONG_REDUCE=0157     File Input Format Counters 158         Bytes Read=48159     File Output Format Counters 160         Bytes Written=62

4. 可能出现的问题

4.1 权限问题,无法访问HDFS

修改集群hdfs-site.xml配置,关闭hadoop集群的权限校验。v48linux系统宝典

<property> v48linux系统宝典

<name>dfs.permissions</name> v48linux系统宝典

<value>false</value> v48linux系统宝典

</property>v48linux系统宝典

4.2 出现NullPointerException异常

在环境变量中配置%HADOOP_HOME%为C:/Download/hadoop-2.6.0/v48linux系统宝典

下载winutils.exe和hadoop.dll到C:/Download/hadoop-2.6.0/binv48linux系统宝典

注意:网上很多资料说的是下载hadoop-common-2.2.0-bin-master.zip,但很多不支持hadoop2.6.0版本。需要下载支持hadoop2.6.0版本的程序。v48linux系统宝典

4.3 程序执行失败

需要执行Run on Hadoop,而不是Java Application。v48linux系统宝典

v48linux系统宝典

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更多Hadoop相关信息见 专题页面 v48linux系统宝典



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